The full form of a URL is the set of characters that is used to specify the network location or path to a file or resource.
URL stands for Uniform Resource Locator, or Universal Resource Locator. It defines the address for an internet location and it’s mainly used in computer networks. URL is the “Universal” equivalent of the physical world’s addresses, like street names.
The full form of a URL is composed by two parts:
The first one identifies the protocol (usually HTTP) and domain name which will be accessed (ex: https://www.talkingtrendo.com). The second part contains information about what data will be sent to this domain name – protocol identifier, filename and its extension, and parameters that customize how data should be sent (ex: www?q=we)
URL Structure and Normalization
URLs are a text string or series of text strings that contain information about where to find a file on the internet. The URL is composed of two parts: the protocol and the domain name.
Some protocols include http, ftp, mailto, telnet and news. A domain name can be used to derive different subdomains such as www for websites or blog for blogs.
URLs are normalized by removing extraneous punctuation and slashes in order to make them more readable.